A History of Burlington
This vicinity was probably first visited by white men as early as 1621. Charlestown was settled in 1629 and the Great and General Court, organized by the ten towns in existence in 1634, granted to Charlestown a wide expanse of territory lying north of it. Within this area were destined to be the towns of Woburn, Burlington and Winchester. The land here was explored by a small surveying party in 1635 and by a larger one in 1640. This latter group established the bounds of a new village called Charlestown Village. Two years later, in 1642, this village became the Town of Woburn. Francis and John Wyman immigrated to America from West Mill, England, in 1640. The Wyman brothers operated tanneries in Woburn. They acquired 1,000 acres of land in present-day Burlington and Billerica. (Image shown is a segment of a New England map from 1781 from the Library of Congress; click the image to see the original.)
In 1642, Native American tribes were here. We know there was an Indian reservation where Chestnut Hill Cemetery is now. Numerous relics, arrow heads, and spears have been found and are displayed at our museum. Burlington was called Bridlington after a seaside town in England. Today residents in England call this seaside town, Burlington. We were also referred to as “Shawshin”, the Indian name of the river it borders. We border on the Shawsheen River.
The Hay Rake
This is an example of the sort of horse or tractor drawn rake that was seen all over the United States for many years. It was called a dump rake because the person sitting on the rake would raise and lower the curved teeth in order to collect or dump the hay. Since Burlington was primarily a farm town for much of its existence, rakes like this would be seen on nearly every farm.
This rake is on display in the field between Burlington Police Headquarters and the Grandview Tavern (currently along with sculptures).
John E. Fogelberg, teacher and author and historian, compiled so much lost history for the Town of Burlington. “Burlington Part of a Greater Chronicle"
Lotta Cavanagh Rice Dunham’s “ History of Burlington” is also treasured as a reference.
Robert J. Costa, historian and author of “Burlington Through Time”, “Images of America Burlington”.